Course Descriptions

Master’s Program Course Descriptions
A. Acupuncture & Related Topics
A.401 Basic Theories of TCM 60/4
This course covers the theories of TCM, including: Yin and Yang theory and its application in TCM, Five Elements theory, Classification of Phenomena according to the Five Elements, the Zang-Fu Organs theory, their individual functions and the relationships between them, and understanding Qi, Blood, &
Body Fluid and the relationships between them.
Instructors: Fu, Hua

A.402 Concepts of Meridians & Collaterals 15/1
This course covers the concepts of Meridians & Collaterals – Regular and Divergent — including their nomenclature, pathway, functions, and distribution of the Meridians as well as their relationship with the Zang-Fu organs. The 8 Extra Channels, the 12 Muscle Regions, and the 12 Cutaneous Regions are also covered. Instructors: Xu, Tong

A.403 History of Eastern Medicine 15/1
A focused study of the medical history of China since its inception 5000 years ago. It identifies the concepts and events which have shaped the development of TCM with the empires of China. Special attention is given to the development of TCM in countries outside of China–especially in the U.S.
Instructor: Hsinpo Chen

A.411 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I 45/3
Pre-Requisite: A.402 Concepts of Meridians & Collaterals
This course teaches that the Meridians and Collaterals are pathways through which the Qi and Blood of
the human body are circulated and distributed both interiorly and exteriorly throughout the body. TheTiayin and Yangming Channels are studied as well as the function and indication of all points in the channels and their Chinese names.
Instructors: Xu, Tong, Jean-Michel Walker

A.412 Meridians, Collaterals & Points II 60/4
Pre-Requisite: A.411 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I
The hand and foot of the Shaoyin and location of hands and feet of Taiyang Channels are studied as
pathways through which the Qi and Blood of the human body are circulated and distributed both interiorly and exteriorly throughout the body as well as the location, function and indication of all points in the channels and their Chinese names.
Instructors: Xu, Tong, Jean-Michel Walker

A.413 Meridians, Collaterals & Points III 60/4
Pre-Requisites: A. 411 & A.412 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I, II
The hand and foot of the Shaoyang and Jueyin Channels and the Extraordinary points are studied as
pathways through which the Qi and Blood of the human body are circulated and distributed both interiorly and exteriorly throughout the body, as well as the location, function and indication of all points in the channels and their Chinese names.
Instructors: Xu, Tong, Jean-Michel Walker
A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM 45/3

Pre-Requisite: A.401 Basic theory of TCM
Students are taught the four diagnostic methods which are inspection, auscultation and olfaction, inquiry, and palpation. Students will use the 4 methods to analyze and differentiate the syndromes, and then make correct diagnosis and record writing in the style of TCM.
Instructors: Fu, Hua

A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM 15/1
Pre-Requisites: A.401 Basic theory of TCM, A.402 Concepts of Meridians & Collaterals & A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM
In the subject of etiology, students will study the causative factors of disease in the style of TCM and the Pathogenesis section concerns the disharmony of yin and yang, conflict between antipathogenic qi and
pathogenic qi and abnormal descending and ascending.
Instructors: Fu, Hua

A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes 60/4
Pre-Requisites: A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM & A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM
Differentiation of syndromes is the method of recognizing and diagnosing diseases in TCM. This course
will include differentiation of syndromes according to the theories of Eight Principles, Qi and Blood, Meridians and Collaterals, the theory of Wei, Qi, Ying, Xue and Zang-Fu organs. An understanding of the basic contents and characteristics of each method is essential. (In addition, the differentiation of syndromes according to the theory of Zang-Fu organs is used to analyze and synthesize the data obtained from the Four Diagnostic methods to identify the cause and nature of disease.)
Instructors: Fu, Hua, Vlas

A.431 Acupuncture Research 15/1
Students will learn how to design acupuncture research and what procedures should be followed. Students will also learn the theory and practice of designing and analyzing statistical measurements.
Instructors: Corbin

A.450 Chinese Language of TCM 90/6
The Elective Course series allows students to choose their course of interest from a basic course in Chinese Language that is focused on learning Acupuncture points, Herbology, and simple translations.
Instructors: Hsinpo Chen

A.460 Tai Chi & Qi Gong 45/3
This course lets students learn the most standard form of Tai Chi Chuan as well as the basic theories and
skills of the most popular medical Qi Gong therapeutic exercises generally practiced in the medical circles in China.
Instructors: Hsinpo Chen

A.462 Manual Therapies Tui Na 45/3
Pre-Requisites:A.411-413 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I-III
This course lets the students learn and practice the manipulation methods, the techniques to treat certain
diseases, and special Tui Na for babies.
Instructors: Hua, Tong, Vlas, Jena-Michel Walker

A.470 Adjunctive Therapies I: N.A.D.A 30/2
Pre-Requisites: A.411-413 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I-III, A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
N.A.D.A. is a membership organization supporting the practice of acupuncture for detoxification, relapse prevention and recovery from substance abuse. NADA training involves a 40 hour clinical component as well as the 30 hour didactic portion presented by the school. The registered trainers provide a standardized educational program as well as an introduction to the resources available with membership upon completion. In 1985, NADA was established to promote education and training and has been a leader in the field of public health.
Instructors: Corbin

A.480 First Year Comprehensive Exam 4/0.26
Students will review their first year of study through a comprehensive exam which will cover Basic
Theory of TCM, 12 Channels and Points, Western Anatomy and Physiology.

A.501 Internal Diseases of TCM I 45/3
Pre-Requisites: A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
Students will study the pathogenesis, etiology, pathology, examination, evaluation, diagnosis, differentiation and treatment of individual Internal diseases in Chinese medicine technology. Through this course, students will combine the 4 Diagnostic Methods, 8 Principles and apply Differentiation of Syndromes to recognize individual internal diseases.
Instructors: Qi, Hua, Vlas

A.502 Internal Diseases of TCM II 30/2
Pre-Requisites: A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes & A.501 Internal Diseases of TCM I
Students will study the pathogenesis, etiology, pathology, examination, evaluation, diagnosis, differentiation and treatment of individual Internal diseases in Chinese medicine technology. Through this course, students will combine the 4 Diagnostic Methods, 8 Principles and apply Differentiation of Syndromes to recognize individual internal diseases.
Instructors: Qi, Hua. Vlas

A.503a External Diseases of TCM I 15/1
Pre-Requisites: A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
This course lets students learn commonly seen external diseases, including their etiology, pathogenesis,
diagnosis and treatment.
Instructors: Qi, Hua, Vlas

A.503.b External Diseases of TCM II 15/2
Pre-Requisites: A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes & A.503a External Diseases of TCM I
This course lets students learn the commonly seen diseases caused by traumatic injuries, soft tissue injuries and dislocated joints in TCM, including their etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment.
Instructors: Qi, Hua, Vlas

A.510 Ear, Nose & Throat Diseases of TCM 15/1
Pre-Requisites: A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
Students learn commonly seen diseases of the Ear, Nose and Throat in TCM, including their etiology, pathogenesis, examination, evaluation, diagnosis, differentiation, and treatment.
Instructors: Qi, Yao

A.511 Gynecology of TCM 30/2
Pre-Requisites: A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
Students learn commonly seen Gynecological problems in TCM, including their etiology, pathogenesis, examination, evaluation, diagnosis, differentiation, and treatment.
Instructors: Yao, Yen, Fu

A.512 Pediatrics of TCM 15/1
Pre-Requisites: A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
Students learn commonly seen pediatric diseases in TCM, including their etiology, pathogenesis, examination, evaluation, diagnosis, differentiation, and treatment.
Instructors: Qi, Yao
A.513 Dermatology of TCM 15/1
Pre-Requisites: A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM

A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
This course lets students learn dermatology in TCM, including etiology, pathogenesis, examination, evaluation, diagnosis, differentiation, and treatment of commonly seen skin diseases.
Instructors: Qi, Fu

A.514 Auricular Acupuncture 30/2
Pre-Requisites: A.411-413 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I-III, A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
An advanced course let students learn theory of auricular acupuncture, location, action and indications of ear points, and manipulations of ear acupuncture.
Instructors: Corbin

A.515 Scalp Acupuncture 15/1
Pre-Requisites: A.411-413 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I-III, A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
An advanced course lets student learn the theory of scalp acupuncture, location, actions and indications of all specific therapeutic lines on the scalp, as well as special techniques to insert a needle into scalp points and manipulations of the needle.
Instructors: Qi, Tong

A.520 Acupuncture & Moxibustion Technique 45/3
Pre-Requisites: A.411-413 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I-II
This course lets students learn and practice a variety of acupuncture & moxibustion techniques, including reinforce and sedation manipulations with needles, cupping, electro-acupuncture, and moxibustion techniques.
Instructors: Xu

A.541 Esthetics of TCM 15/1
Pre-Requisites: A.411-413 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I-III, A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM, A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
This advanced course covers the special needling techniques used for learning the variety of techniques used for facials and weight loss. Some techniques covered are manipulation, needling and herbs.
Instructors: Yen, Qi

A.550 Adv. Acupuncture Course: Nei Jing 30/2
Pre-Requisites: A.411-413 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I-III, A.421 Diagnostic Methods of TCM

A.422 Etiology & Pathogenesis of TCM, A.423 Differentiation of Syndromes
This course introduces general pathogenesis in occurrence of diseases, general ways to keep healthy, and general principles of treatment of diseases, which are set up in Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic (Nei Jing) and closely related to proper application of acupuncture.
Instructors: Qi, Fu

A.551 Adjunctive Therapies I: Japanese Acupuncture 15/1
Pre-Requisites: A.411-413 Meridians, Collaterals & Points I-III

A.520 Acupuncture & Moxibustion Technique
This course is a survey of various Japanese acupuncture and moxibustion techniques. It will cover the history of the Japanese acupuncture including those important teachers and unique contributions to the field of Oriental Medicine.
Instructors: Bishop

A552 Adjunctive Therapies II: Injection Therapy 60/4
Pre-Requisites: All basic Acupuncture Courses
In accordance with FL 64B1, this course will teach the students the theoretical principles, definition and use of this Therapy. It covers the proper administration as well as contraindication and precaution of Acu-point Injection therapy. Combining bio-therapeutics and acupuncture theory would also be introduced.
Instructors: Fitch

A.560 Acupuncture Practice Management I: Ethics & Health Management 30/2
This course will first develop a theoretical foundation and define key terms in the field of ethics for healthcare providers. Methods for resolving professional ethics, ethical dilemmas and maintaining health business and professional relationships in the practice will be discussed.
Instructors: Clark, Sear

A.561 Acupuncture Practice Management II: Office Mgmt, Promotion, & Insurance 20/1.33
This course reviews basic acupuncture clinic office management, including record keeping, file management, and insurance billing, as well as issues regarding building and maintaining a successful practice.
Instructor: Sear

A.562 Acupuncture Practice Management III: Counseling & Patient Communications 20/1.33
Students will be introduced to methods for determining those emotional difficulties with patients, including possible abuse and potential suicide, that require referrals. They will also be taught communications skills with patients to help them elicit informed consent and encourage the patient to be forthcoming with information and have confidence in the practitioner. Community Resources for counseling referrals will also be provided.
Instructor: Sear

A.563 Acupuncture Practice Management IV: Laws and Rules 20/1.33
Students will be taught the definition of Acupuncture as it applies to Florida legislation. The scope of Florida laws and rules for acupuncture is covered, as well as ethical issues for Acupuncture Physicians. Instructors: Yen, Corbin, Sear, Ben-Jacob

A.571 General Acupuncture Therapeutics 45/3
Pre-Requisites: All basic Acupuncture Courses
This acupuncture course lets students learn a lot of famous acupuncture specialists’ clinical experience in treatment of many commonly seen or obstinate diseases with acupuncture. Additionally, the students will learn the theory and methods of the acupuncture point combination.
Instructors: Qi, Xu

A.580 Second Year Comprehensive Exam 4/.26
Students will review their second year of study through a comprehensive exam which will cover Basic TCM Theory, 12 Channels, Extra Channels, Points, Diagnosis of Diseases, Analysis and Treatment of Acupuncture including Clean Needle Techniques.

A.581 Third Year Comprehensive Exam 4/.26
Students will review their third year of study through a comprehensive exam which will cover TCM Theory, Meridians & Channels, Point location & indication, Diagnosis of Diseases, Individual Herbs and Herb Formulas and the others that have been learned within 4 academic years.

A.590 Case Management 90/6
Students will further learn the case management through case studies. This includes primary, secondary and specialty responsibilities, psychosocial assessment, treatment planning and contraindications and complication and follow-up care and final review. It will also include the knowledge of workers compensation codes, procedures and its codes (CPT and ICD-9).
Instructors: Shi, Clark

B. Biomedical Science & Related Topics

B.401 – 403 Western Anatomy & Physiology I, II, & III 120/8
This course initiates the presentation of the Western view of anatomy and Physiology. The course will also begin in-depth discussion of microbiology, the integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system, endocrine system, circulatory system, lymphatic system, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system and reproductive systems, microbiology, the integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system, endocrine system, circulatory system, lymphatic system, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system and reproductive system. Students will also learn the Western methods of taking vital signs.
Instructors: Dunn, Scotti

B. 420 Intro to Natural Science (General Chemistry, Biology and Micro-biology) 60/4
Prerequisites: Western Anatomy and Physiology I & II
This course teaches the students the basics of general chemistry, biology and microbiology. All three main components of chemistry are covered. Biology consists of an introduction, universal building of blocks of life. Microbiology covers a wide spectrum of micro-organisms.
Instructors: Fitch, Scotti

B.421 – 422 Western Pathology I & II 90/6
Pre-Requisites: B.401 – 403 Western Anatomy & Physiology I, II, & III and B.431 Western Medical Terminology
The following areas of Pathology will be discussed from a Western point of view. Cell injury and adaptation, acute and chronic inflammation, cell growth and regeneration, genetic diseases, neoplasia, environmental diseases, responses to infection, and disorders of the main body systems. The purpose of the course is aid students to recognize when a patient should be seen by an M.D. prior to being treated by an acupuncturist.
Instructors: Nanan, Scotti, Dunn

B.431 Western Medical Terminology 30/2
Pre-Requisites: B.401 – 403 Western Anatomy & Physiology I, II, & III
Students will learn the Western medical terminology of basic diseases, and basic Western diagnostic techniques for common diseases.
Instructors: Dunn, Scotti

B.432 Physics 15/1
Pre-Requisites: Intro to Natural Science (General Chemistry, Biology and Micro-biology)
This course is a simple introduction to basic physics concepts: force & motion, work & energy, heat, waves & sound, light & optics, wave nature of light & colors, electrical charge & potential- currents & circuits, magnetism, quantum mechanics.
Instructors: Fitch

B.440 Medical Hygiene and Universal Precautions (HIV/AIDS) 15/1
This course will include 20 contact hours of specific information on the main topics of the communication of disease and the theory and practice of Clean Needle Techniques and Acupuncture Treatment. Office hygiene, OSHA regulations as well as four hours of HIV discussion are included.
Instructors: Dunn, Scotti

B.441 CPR & Emergency Medicine 10/.66
Students will be taught basic emergency first aid and upon successful completion of the Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation course, will be certified in CPR and First Aid. Also covered will be Samaritan laws, liability, 911 procedures, and a survey of emergency services.
Instructors: Team Health Institute

B.451 Physical Examination and Western Diagnosis 120/8
Pre-Requisites: B.401 – 403 Western Anatomy & Physiology I, II, & III

B.421 – 422 Western Pathology I & II & B.431 & 432 Western Medical Terminology I &II
This course will teach the student the basics of Western medicine’s examination methods and diagnosis of common diseases. This course will include basic knowledge of lab tests and imaging findings, such as EKG, Blood & Urine tests, and X-rays. The course teaches the students how to use of reference materials like the Physician’s Desk Reference.
Instructors: Nanan, Shi, Fitch

B.452 Biomedical Pharmacology and Nutrition 60/4
Pre-Requisites: B.421 – 422 Western Pathology
This course includes an introduction to the basic categories of pharmacological substances and formulas, and the common uses and misuses of Western medication in combination with TCM. It also includes an introduction to nutrition and dietary advice for various conditions.
Instructors: Fitch, Ben-Jacob, Bergman

B.453 Biomedical Modalities & Referral Resources 15/1
Pre-Requisites: B.421 – 422 Western Pathology, B.451 Physical Examination and Western Diagnosis
This course will teach the student to recognize conditions and situations which require that patient be referred to Western Medical Doctors. Accidents of acupuncture treatment, diseases which are beyond the scope of acupuncture, patient referral documentation and 911 procedures will be discussed.
Instructor: Corbin

H. Herbal Therapy & Related Topics
H.401 Introduction to Herbology 15/1
This course introduces medicinal herbs. Their properties and flavors, actions, and toxicity control are discussed. The course also covers channel tropism, an herb’s selective effect in certain channels, the processing methods, application, the biochemical components of herbs and their compatibility or contra-indications to Western medicine, dosage, biological names, and administration.
Instructors: Qi, Clark, Vlas

H.411 Individual Herbs I 45/3
Pre-Requisites: H.401 Introduction to Herbology
This course covers the history, theory, botanical characteristics, biological name and therapeutic functions of over 75 of the common individual herbs used. The Chinese names, development in herb use, and substitutions for herbs no longer available will also be discussed. Students will learn the individual herbs for: treating exterior syndromes, heat clearing, expectorants, anti-tussive, anti-asthmatics, purging, and eliminating dampness.
Instructors: Qi, Clark, Vlas

H.412 Individual Herbs II 60/4
Pre-Requisites: H.411 Individual Herbs I
This course covers the history, theory, botanical characteristics, biological name and therapeutic functions of over 150 of the common individual herbs used. The Chinese names, development in herb use, and substitutions for herbs no longer available will also be discussed. Students will learn the individual herbs for: Interior warming, regulating Qi, improving digestion, anthelmintic, homeostasis, promoting blood circulation, and removing blood stasis.
Instructors: Qi, Clark, Vlas

H.413 Individual Herbs III 45/3
Pre-Requisites: H.411 Individual Herbs I, H.412 Individual Herbs II
This course covers the history, theory, botanical characteristics, biological name and therapeutic functions of over 75 of the common individual herbs used. The Chinese names, development in herb use, and substitutions for herbs no longer available will also be discussed. Students will learn the individual herbs for: Tranquilizers, calming the Liver, inducing resuscitation, tonics, astringents, and external use.
Instructors: Qi, Clark, Vlas

H.421 Introduction to Homeopathy 30/2
Students are exposed to the basic theories of homeopathy. This includes discussion of the Law of Similars, Minimum dosages, the inner person (vital force) and symptoms, chronic disease, and miasmic theory. Students will also study repertorizing and the materia medica.
Instructors: Bergman, Ben-Jacob

H.501 Introduction to Herbal Formula 15/1
Pre-Requisites: H.401 Introduction to Herbology, H.411 Individual Herbs I, H.412 Individual Herbs II, H.413 Individual Herbs III.
This course covers the general introduction to theories of Chinese herbal formulas, including principles for making a formula, normal combination conditions and abnormal combination conditions of herbs. The way to prepare herb formula decoction and to take the decoction also are generally introduced.
Instructors: Qi, Clark, Vlas

H.511 Herbal Formulas I 60/4
Pre-Requisites: H.401 Introduction to Herbology, H.411-413, Individual Herbs I, II, III & H.501 Introduction to Herbal Formula
This course covers 100 Chinese herbal formulas with their composition, analysis, function, indication, and modification. Included are formulas for releasing the exterior, clearing heat, draining downward, harmonizing, treating dryness, and expelling dampness.
Instructors: Qi, Clark, Vlas

H.512 Herbal Formulas II 60/4
Pre-Requisites: H.511 Herbal Formulas I
This course covers 100 Chinese herbal formulas with their composition, analysis, function, indication, and modification. Included are formulas for moistening dryness, warming the interior, formulas for tonifying, regualating Qi and blood, for stabilizing and binding, calming the spirit, and calming the spirit.
Instructors: Qi, Clark, Vlas

H.513 Herbal Formulas III 30/2
Pre-Requisites: H.511-512 Herbal Formulas I,II
This course covers 60 Chinese herbal formulas with their composition, analysis, function, indication, and modification. Included are formulas for expelling the wind, opening the orifice, dissolving the phlegm, and reduing food stagnation, and expelling parasites. Upon the successful completion of herbal formula courses, students will be able to treat the common diseases clinic, learn how to comprehensively analyze the compositions, functions, and indications.
Instructors: Qi, Clark, Vlas

H.521 Adv. Herb & Formula Course I: Shanghanlun 45/3
This course introduces general pathogenesis in occurrence of diseases, general ways to keep healthy, and general principles of treatment of diseases, which are set up in Shanghanlun, an important classics written by Dr. Zhongjing and which are closely related to proper application of herbs and formulas.
Instructors: Fu

H.531 Adv. Herb & Formula Course II: Jin Gui & Wen Bing with Herbology 45/3
Pre-Requisites: All basic Herbology & Acupuncture courses
Jin Gui & Wen Bing are other important classics written by Dr. Zhongjing Zhang and other famous doctors. This course covers Dr. Zhongjing Zhang’s and some other well-known ancient doctors’ theories and formulas in differentiation of syndromes, treatment of various diseases based on differentiation of syndromes with herbs and formulas in these books.
Instructors: Fu

H.532 Adv. Herb & Formula Course III: Herb Patents 30/2
Pre-Requisites: H.511 Herbal Formulas I, H.512 Herbal Formulas II
This course introduces herbal patents. It includes general introduction to science of herb patents, and detailed discuss of 60 commonly applied patents, such as their composition, functions, indications and contraindications.
Instructors: Qi, Sear

H.541 Food Therapy 30/2
Pre-Requisites: A.402 Differentiation of Syndromes
TCM food therapy is a special diet made from Chinese herbs, food, tea and condiments. Its uses for preventing and treating diseases will be discussed.
Instructors: Chen

C. Clinical Practicum

C.401 & 402Clinic Observation I & II 120/4
This course will familiarize student interns with clinic rules, intern policies, OSHA regulations and Clean Needle Technique (CNT). This course uses volunteer student patients to review basic theory and point locations and to demonstrate clinical skills needed in doing initial patient contact. The instructor will continue to review channel and point locations while introducing clinical modalities used in an acupuncture clinic. Channel pathologies will be introduced and students will have plenty of opportunity to chart channel Qi flow and divergent channels, to recognize channel pathologies and review the basic theory of acupuncture point selection. By the end of the trimester, the students will again be tested on point location and selection, clean needle technique and universal precautions.
Instructors: Xu, Tong, Walker, Wilson

C.403 Clinic: Observation III 60/2
Pre-Requisites: C.401 and C.402 Clinic Observation I & II
In this course students continue to observe the procedure of diagnosis and treatment of patients in clinic, and additionally, based on observing various treatments done on patients and student volunteers, students will begin to develop skills in conducting intakes and formulating a case analysis by observation and research. The class will review and be retested on point location, CNT and Universal precautions. These exams must be passed before students can proceed to the next level of the clinical practicum.
Instructors: Xu, Tong, Walker, Wilson

C.410 Self-Needling 45/1.5
Pre-Requisites: C.401 and C.402 Clinic Observation I & II and C.403 Clinic Observation III
In this course, under supervision by an instructor at all times, the class will pair off and each pair will practice their self-needling and point location techniques. Using practice materials, students will learn the proper methods of needle insertion and removal, and be introduced to the concepts of tonifying and reducing. Students will also practice tongue and pulse diagnosis during this phase of training.
Instructors: Tong, Xu, Walker

C.501 & 502 Clinic: Practice under Supervision 240/8
Pre-Requisites: C.401, C.402 & C.403 Clinic Observation I, II, III,  C.410 Self-Needling, Palpation, Tongue & Pulse Diagnosis & B440 Medical Hygiene and Universal Precautions.
In this course, under supervision by an instructor at all times, the students will practice diagnosis and treatment of the most common diseases on clinic patients. Students will practice the initial steps of patient record keeping, intakes, diagnosis & treatment, and discuss patient counseling methods. Clean Needle Technique is also reviewed during this phase of training.
Instructors: Yen, Qi, Tong, Walker, Vlas, Wilson, Walls

C.503 Clinic: Practice under Supervision/Herb Recognition 120/4
Pre-Requisites: C.501 & 502 Clinic: Practice under Supervision
In this course, under supervision by an instructor at all times, the students will practice patient record keeping procedures and are responsible for compiling complete patient files. Students will assess patients using the 4 principal methods of assessment and examine patients using the eight principle methods of diagnosis. A tentative diagnosis will be offered by the student and discussed with the Clinical Supervisor. The student will then independently write a differential diagnosis and analysis of the patient, prepare herbal prescription and/or treat the patient after approval of the treatment plan by the Supervisor. Students will also observe herbal diagnosis and be expected to recognize and retrieve herbs for the preparation of herbal prescriptions in the pharmacy.
Instructors: Yen, Qi, Tong, Walker, Vlas, Wilson, Walls

C.511 & 512 Clinic: Acupuncture Intern/Herb Preparation 240/8
Pre-Requisites: C.503 Clinic: Practice under Supervision/Herb Recognition
In this course, under supervision by an instructor, the students will provide both an Eastern and Western diagnosis and be able to articulate the function and prescription of acupuncture points appropriate for the patient’s condition. This phase of training also encompasses instruction on basic herb formulas and their functions, observing the filling of herbal formula prescriptions and herbal preparation under the guidance of an clinical instructor.
Instructors: Yen, Qi, Tong, Walker, Vlas, Wilson, Walls

C.513 Clinic: Acupuncture and Herbology Intern 135/4.50
Pre-Requisites: C.511 & 512 Clinic: Acupuncture Intern/Herb Preparation
In this course, the students will handle all phases of the clinic organization and operation, independently diagnose (Eastern & Western diagnosis) and treat patients with acupuncture and herbs under the supervision of the instructor.
Instructors: Yen, Tong, Walker, Vlas, Wilson, Walls

C.521: Elective: Clinic Conference 30/1.00
This course consists of three parts. The first part is the clinical discussion where the instructors will produce the etiology, pathogenesis and treatment protocol for several diseases monographed through real-case discussions during students’ internships. The second part is the clinical demonstrations provided by instructors as to how to conduct a physical examination, condition assessment tests, special needling techniques, and other treatment methods. The third part is to provide mini-seminars, through which the instructors will introduce new technology, treatment protocol, newly developed acupuncture instruments and patented herbal formulas.
Instructors: Yen, Tong, Walker, Vlas, Wilson, Walls